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This presentation is a VERY brief summary of the three Punic Wars. Summary of The Punic Wars (264-241 B.C.) Hannibal destroys the Roman army at Cannae in the most severe defeat ever suffered by Rome. The Second Punic War broke out in B.C. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Carthage's many advantages meant that Carthage was the capital of a prosperous coastal empire that dominated the western Mediterranean. Rather than running home to oust the invader, the Roman general Scipio brought the fight to Carthage. The Punic Wars were a series of three wars that took place over the course of almost 100 years between Carthage and Rome. Carthage had begun colonizing Spain, and Rome responded by declaring war. The second problem was that Rome had overextended itself. I've already mentioned the first problem. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. It wasn’t long before the Romans broke through the Carthage city walls and close quarter fighting took place in the streets and dwellings of the city. Yet, relative size was not the only difference between the Carthaginians and the Romans. Get access risk-free for 30 days, In 264 BCE, the ambitious Roman Republic and the wealthy Carthaginian Empire collided on the island of Sicily in the first Punic War. Carthage was founded as a Phoenician Colony around 800 BCE; Rome was founded fewer than 50 years later. As you are about to find out these three wars were probably the biggest wars to have ever happened before the birth of Christ so were greatly influential in changing the world at the time.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'thefinertimes_com-box-3','ezslot_2',108,'0','0'])); The causes of the Punic Wars boiled down to the Carthaginian Empire and the Roman Republic both wanting to expand their lands and build on the empires they had already started. We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences. As a result of this slight delay, the Carthaginians had a small head start on the Romans, and the fact that theirs was a naval empire while Rome was a land empire gave them a still greater advantage. courses that prepare you to earn The initial battles were on land with the Battle of Agrigentum being a massive learning curve for the Carthage army as it was routed by the Romans. Indeed, had Hannibal not lost his siege engines during his passage through the Alps, he very well might have conquered all of Italy. All this, of which I have only scratched the surface in my summary, makes fascinating reading. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'thefinertimes_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_3',109,'0','0']));This war started as the Romans moved over the sea and marched on Sicily to gain lands there. Italy was now entirely under the control of the Roman Republic. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Summary of the Protective Eye of Horus Symbol, Ten Worst Terrorist Acts of the Past Decade. The Punic Wars was a series of three wars between Rome and Carthage from around 264 B.C.-146 B.C. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. They were ruled by a council of merchant princes. Rome only won by bringing the war to Africa under the leadership of Scipio Africanus. Unable to bring its full strength to bear against Hannibal, the Romans had to resort to delaying techniques. Select a subject to preview related courses: You may be wondering - how did Hannibal catch the mighty Romans with their pants down? Services. The modern reader will be surprised to learn about its contents, because the conflict we know as the First Punic War is absent (Appian calls it the Sicilian War), and the historian has treated the Spanish and Italian parts of what is now known as the Second Punic War in his books on the Spanish Wars and … For more details, you can use google or the linksprovided in this unit. The Romans were new to the development of capturing land and thus had not quite built their Empire yet which does happen later in history as we know. The First Punic war was from 264-241 B.C., and was won by the Romans. They are called the Punic Wars because the word “Punic” is derived from the Roman word for Phoenician, in reference to the Carthaginians’ ancestry. The Punic Wars were a series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage for control of the Mediterranean. A Summary of the Punic Wars. Meanwhile, Carthage's holdings in Spain were added to the Roman Empire. They’d squashed the Sabines, vanquished the […] Polybius's work is considered broadly objective and largely neutral as between Carthaginian and Romanpoints of view. Visit the History 101: Western Civilization I page to learn more. You can test out of the It stretched for 24 years before the Romans were finally victorious. This lesson covers the three Punic Wars. When the first punic war took place, Rome was the dominant power throughout the Italian Peninsula, while Carthage had established itself as the leading maritime power in the world. By 164 BC, Rome was a very different country then before the Punic Wars that saw immediate and long term effects. While this war was a lot shorter than the First Punic War, it is most well known for the Carthage leader Hannibal who caused massive damage to the Romans.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'thefinertimes_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_4',110,'0','0'])); This war was fought over three fronts with Sicily never being a problem and the Romans defending resolutely, southern Spain where Carthage was able to hold on for quite a while before relinquishing control and retreating and the most well known being that of the battles in Italy. The Romans crossed the seas to North Africa and besieged the Phoenician city of Carthage (currently in Tunis). Rome had also gained territory during their simultaneous war with Philip V of Macedon and gained a foothold in Africa by establishing Numidia as a client state. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Biology Lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons, Lesson Plan Design Courses and Classes Overview, Online Typing Class, Lesson and Course Overviews, Diary of an OCW Music Student, Week 4: Circular Pitch Systems and the Triad, Personality Disorder Crime Force: Study.com Academy Sneak Peek. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. The war lasted for twenty years, and much of it was fought at sea. The Punic Wars had a number of important impacts to the Roman society and politics. | 8 Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Did you know… We have over 220 college and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. The Punic Wars were a series of wars between the Carthaginians and the Roman Republic that would catalyze the growth of the Roman territorial holdings as well as shape the ancient world for centuries to come. These wars are collectively called the Punic Wars. The Punica is a Latin epic poem in seventeen books in dactylic hexameter written by Silius Italicus (c. 28 – c. 103 AD) comprising some twelve thousand lines (12,202, to be exact, if one includes a probably spurious passage in book 8). Instead, Hannibal laid waste across the countryside and tried to entice other Italian cities to rebel. 's' : ''}}. The following year, Carthage surrendered. Rome was so fixated on rebuffing the Carthaginian navy that it never occurred to them that someone might be crazy enough to march that big Spanish army over the Alps and invade Italy by land. What tactic did Scipio use to defeat Hannibal? First Punic War: During the first Punic War, most of it was fought at sea. A true giant of military history, Hannibal forged his formidable reputation during the Punic Wars of the second century B.C. The war ended with a Roman victory, and the Romans took 265 BC. The Romans were new to the development of capturing land and thus had not quite built their Empire yet which does happen later in history as we know. The war ran between 264 BC and 241 BC. Roman Dominance of Italy By the mid-third century BCE, the Romans reigned supreme in Italy. Rome had been expecting another naval war like the first Punic War, so Roman troops were scattered across numerous islands. But, Carthage's greatest advantage was that it was a Phoenician colony trying to unify other Phoenician colonies, with whom they shared a common language and culture. 265 BC. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. This move was a great one as it meant Hannibal rushing back to defend his homeland before being demolished by the Romans at the Battle of Zama on October 19th 202 BC. By contrast, Rome was the capital of a mere peninsula, albeit a densely populated one. The Punic Wars by Adrian Goldsworthy, is a fantastic look at the Punic Wars - three wars between the City States turned Empires from the mid 200 BC to the mid 100's BC. In what ways were Rome and Carthage different? and was again won by the Romans. THE FIRST PUNIC WAR 265-219 BC 5. This new invention was a huge success and the Roman Navy, while suffering some losses, was able to beat the Carthage Navy overall. By contrast, the Romans were invaders forced to fight against dozens of independent peoples who all spoke different languages. His account of the Punic Wars is fortunately among these better preserved parts. As Hannibal moved in the north he requested more soldiers, something Carthage never gave him. The first Punic War was over ownership of Sicily. Hannibal smashed every army the Romans put in front of him, but without siege equipment, he was unable to take Rome itself. flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Helped me write a report for Latin class. After 24 years of continuous warfare that exhausted both cities, Carthage was driven from Sicily and forced to pay Rome a huge war indemnity, or fine. FIRST PUNIC WAR C Carthage already had people on the island, but Rome wanted to invade and take over. Carthage was a city of traders. imaginable degree, area of Over the space of just under 120 years there were three great wars between two powers jostling to control the seas and the lands of the Italian peninsula, Sicily, Northern Africa and the southern lands of Spain. Decisions Revisited: Why Did You Choose a Public or Private College? They controlled the northern coast of Africa, the southern coast of Spain and most of the islands of the western Mediterranean, including half of Sicily. THE PUNIC WARS TOOK PLACE BETWEEN ROME AND CARTHAGE AND COVERED THE DATES 265 BC TO 146 BC 3. The Second Punic War happened between 218 BC and 201 BC. They were highly civilized, literate and scientifically advanced, though they also may have engaged in human sacrifice. For more details, you can use google or the links provided in this unit. This was a disadvantage to Rome because they were used to fighting their battles on land. That general's name was Hannibal, and his military genius made him one of the most fearful figures in Roman history. Carthage naturally refused, and Rome descended upon its old nemesis with all its might, besieging the city for two years before it fell at last in 146 BCE. When they ended, Carthage was ruined, and Rome was the greatest power W … © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Compare and contrast Rome and Carthage before the Punic Wars began, Explain the causes of the second Punic War, Summarize Hannibal's leadership during the second Punic War, Recount Scipio's contribution to the second Punic War and how that war ultimately ended, Provide an overview of the third Punic War. This conflict was fought between the states of Carthage and Rome, two powerful states in this period. The second Punic War was fought over a perceived threat to Roman power. Carthage was founded by settlers from Phoenicia on the fertile land of North Africa. - Definition, Structure & History, CLEP Western Civilization I: Study Guide & Test Prep, History 301: Historiography & Historical Methods, HSC Ancient History: Exam Prep & Syllabus, Western Civilization 1648 to the Present: Help and Review, Western Civilization Since 1648: Homework Help Resource, CLEP Western Civilization II: Study Guide & Test Prep, Western Civilization From 1648 to Today: Certificate Program, CLEP Introductory Business Law: Study Guide & Test Prep, Political Science 102: American Government. At the outbreak of the First Punic War the Carthaginian Empire was the super power of the western side of the Mediterranean and as such many would have seen Carthage as the winner in the battle between the two powers. They were probably the largest wars in the ancient world. from 264 BC to 146 BC. Nevertheless, through his military genius, Hannibal ravaged Italy for 16 years. A dispute between the cities of Syracuse and … Quiz & Worksheet - The First, Second & Third Punic Wars, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History, The Seven Kings of Rome: History & Summary, Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events, Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History, Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style, Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy, The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey, Biological and Biomedical For a trading nation, this was a death sentence. Sicily: The first Punic war began in 264 with a conflict over the island of Sicily. Their republic was run, in many respects, like an oversized military camp. To review: from 264 to 146 BCE, the Romans fought a series of three wars with the rival state of Carthage. study Fifty years later, Carthage had finally managed to pay off that huge indemnity, meaning that Rome no longer had any interest in keeping them alive. As the history of the conflict was written by Roman authors, they labeled it 'The Punic Wars'. The causes of the Punic Wars boiled down to the Carthaginian Empire and the Roman Republic both wanting to expand their lands and build on the empires they had already started. After a three-year siege, Rome burned Carthage to the ground. Rome was now the dominant force in the western Mediterranean; it had added Carthage's European territory to the empire and extended its reach eastward. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons The outcome of the First Punic War was a resounding victory to Rome and the Carthage leadership signing a peace treaty advising as such. We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences. Rome took advantage of the chaos to add the islands of Corsica and Sardinia to its growing Mediterranean empire. At the time, they were probably the largest wars that had ever taken place, much like today's World Wars. Roman Dominance of Italy | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} All rights reserved. just create an account. So, what they did was they made their ships bulkier and stronger, they also added a bridge with a hook at the end to most of their ships. Rome thought it would be easy to defeat Hannibal, but Hannibal was full of surprises, including his manner of entering the Italic peninsula from Spain. Create your account. (The word “Punic,” later the name for the series of wars between Carthage and Rome, was derived from the Latin word for Phoenician.) Already registered? An error occurred trying to load this video. The flash point for the wars was the island of Sicily. Combining these attributes, the Romans had built their empire through conquest and bloodshed. No one had expected Hannibal to take his army over the mountains. 4. It was a drawn-out, bloody affair, with the Carthaginians trying to keep the battle at sea, and the Romans trying to force the battle to land. Punic Wars. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Rome gained the island of Sicily, and Carthage paid a huge fine. Very informative. The third Punic War brought an end to Carthage. How was Hannibal's attack on Rome daring and different? Create an account to start this course today. Punic War. The Carthaginian general, Hannibal, marched his army from Spain to Italy and laid waste to the Italian countryside for 16 years. The main cause of the Punic Wars was the clash of interests between the … The rise of the Roman Empire coincided with the decline of the Carthaginian Empire because each tried to benefit at the cost of the other. Primarily an ongoing struggle between Rome and Carthage, with various fluid allies on either side, it would rumble on for over a century and end with Things were looking pretty good for Rome and pretty terrible for Carthage. In an act of pure tyranny, Rome demanded that the Carthaginians abandon their city and resettle 10 miles inland. It is the longest surviving Latin poem from antiquity. For the first two years the Roman siege was unorganized and the Carthaginian’s were able to defend their walls and make masses of weaponry inside.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'thefinertimes_com-banner-1','ezslot_8',112,'0','0'])); After two years a young Scipio Aemilianus organized the Roman troops and after a field battle which the Romans won resoundingly the Roman truly besieged the city. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. The Romans won the third and final Punic War leaving the Carthaginian’s to sign a treaty giving Rome control and leaving Carthage with no military at all. But, what the Romans lacked in money and refinement, they made up for in manpower, strict organization and ferocity. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 A very good website. There are two reasons Rome fared so poorly. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 4. Yet, a threat to Roman supremacy was growing right at their doorstep. Tradition holds that Phoenician settlers from the Mediterranean port of Tyre (in what is now Lebanon) founded the city-state of Carthage on the northern coast of Africa, just north of modern-day Tunis, around 814 B.C. Second Punic War begins. The native Iberians weren't nearly so viciously organized as the Romans, and the Carthaginians spread easily. Helped me with some research for my World History class. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Perhaps it was loyalty, or perhaps these cities feared Rome more than they feared this invader. Bankrupted by the war and the indemnity and unable to pay its mercenaries, the Carthaginian Empire was thrown into a mercenary war. A Companion to the Punic Wars offers a comprehensive new survey of the three wars fought between Rome and Carthage between 264 and 146 BC.. Offers a broad survey of the Punic Wars from a variety of perspectives; Features contributions from an outstanding … This presentation is aVERY brief summary of the three Punic Wars. The Punic Wars were a series of conflicts fought between Rome and Carthage between 264 and 146 BC. The Third Punic War happened between 149 BC and 146 BC and it was the Romans on the offensive again. Shouldn't they have been better prepared? Here was a lush land just begging to be conquered. Roman culture was relatively primitive compared to the advanced Carthaginians. By the mid-third century BCE, the Romans reigned supreme in Italy. The Start of the Second Punic War 218 BC. When they began, Rome had nearly completed the conquest of Italy, while Carthage controlled NW Africa and the islands and the commerce of the W Mediterranean. THE FIRSTPUNIC WAR 265-219 BC 5. succeed. The First Macedonian War (215–205) broke out when King Philip V pressed his ambitions in Illyria after he perceived a weakening of Roman power in the wake of Cannae. This war is the shortest of the three and seems to have been the final nail in the coffin of the Carthage Empire. His works include a now-largely-lost manual on military tactics, but he is now known for The Histories, written sometime after 146 BC. Punic Wars - Punic Wars - Campaigns in Sicily and Spain: Concurrently with the great struggle in Italy the Second Punic War was fought out on several other fields. Again Rome gains victory in the war and now controls much of the Western Mediterranean meaning the Carthage Empire losses a lot of control. While Hannibal was ravaging his way across Italy, Philip V of Macedon had taken advantage of the chaos to expand his own kingdom. The Punic Wars were a series of conflicts fought between the forces of ancient Carthage and Rome between 264 BCE and 146 BCE. The Carthage Empire surrendered after only a few years and handed up weapons and men as prisoners, the Romans were not content with this and wanted to raise Carthage to the ground. The Punic wars mainly take place in west Mesopotamia in Sicily and Italy. The mighty Carthaginian Empire was reduced to little more than the city of Carthage itself, and Rome further burdened Carthage with an even larger war indemnity than for the first Punic War. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'thefinertimes_com-box-4','ezslot_5',111,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'thefinertimes_com-box-4','ezslot_6',111,'0','1']));The Romans realised they were going to find it difficult to beat Hannibal so they decided to cut off supplies to make life hard for Hannibal before then counter attacking by crossing over to Africa and attacking Carthage. Rome gained dominance over the western Mediterranean, and Carthage lost almost all of its territory and received another, even larger fine. The Roman navy had improved significantly since the beginning of the last Punic War, and they were confident they could hold off any Carthaginian invasion. 16 chapters | The two powers in question were the Romans and the Carthaginians, two forces that really wanted to gain a foothold and control the lands and seas of the Mediterranean. Log in here for access. Whatever the reason, Hannibal's plan to turn Rome's subjects against it failed. Once the Romans had gained control they simply destroyed the city totally before selling off the 50,000 or so survivors as slaves. The name Punic comes from the word Phoenician (Phoinix in the Greek, Poenus from Punicus in Latin) as applied to the citizens of Carthage, who were of Phoenician ethnicity. Battle of Cannae 216 BC. Fought between the 3rd century BC and the 2nd century BC during the height of the Hellenistic Period, the Punic Wars saw the clash between the two superpowers of the … Carthage was the wealthiest and most advanced cities in the region and so Rome was keen to take control over it. Polybius was an analytical historian and wherever possible personally interviewed participants, from bo… We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences. Hannibal and Second Punic War General . The Punic Wars Paul Waring June 6, 2016 Introduction In 264 BC,1 the first of a series of conflicts between two powers in the Mediterranean erupted, which would become known as the Punic Wars. T The war lasted for 20 years, until Rome crushed Carthage. What they didn’t know is that the Romans had built many ships and armed them with a new invention that was pretty much a pivotal bridge thrown across ships for legion soldiers to march across and do battle. Hannibal hurried home with his army and was soundly defeated at the Battle of Zama in 202 BCE. This was the Third Punic War, which was more of a siege and destruction of Carthage than anything else, and the outcome was never in doubt (unlike the Second Punic War, which could easily have resulted in Rome’s destruction). Once Philip had been dealt with, some of Rome's best armies were once again available for battle. The Second Punic war, which was the main one, was from 218-202 B.C. After this the Carthaginian Empire decided to use their Navy, which ruled the seas, as a means of winning the war. After all, they were the ones who started the war. Carthage was Phoenician city founded in 814 BC, and the term Punic relates to … THE PUNIC WARS TOOK PLACE BETWEEN ROME AND CARTHAGE AND COVERED THE DATES 265 BC TO 146 BC 3. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla, The Peloponnesian War: History, Cause & Result, The Struggle of the Orders: Plebeians and Patricians, Romulus and Remus: Story of the Founding of Rome, The Political Structure of the Roman Republic, Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History, The Italian Renaissance and Italy's Transformation, Members of the First Triumvirate: History & Explanation, The Greco-Persian Wars: Causes, Effects & Events, Pericles of Athens: Facts, Achievements & Death, The Hellenistic Period: Definition & History, What is Medieval Feudalism? R Rome did not have a good navy, but needed one to fight the Carthaginians. Max has an MA in Classics, Religion, Philosophy, Behavioral Genetics, a Master of Education, and a BA in Classics, Religion, Philosophy, Evolutionary Psychology. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Yet, while the Romans had been beefing up their navy, the Carthaginians had been building up a huge army in Spain. They did not have Carthage's wealth or intercontinental trade routes at their disposal. They'd squashed the Sabines, vanquished the Volsci, trounced the Etruscans, slaughtered the Samnites, unmanned the Umbrians, messed up the Messapians and even grappled with Greeks. Philip's invasion of Greece and Illyria prevented the veteran armies Rome had deployed to the east from returning home to reinforce Italy. Carthage is, in many ways, a mirror of Rome. Hannibal took an army of men and elephants through the Alps and surprised the Romans in Northern Italy where he won many great battles; these include the Battle of the Trebia, the Battle of Lake Trasimene and the Battle of Cannae. Frustrated at sea by growing Roman dominance, the Carthaginians instead started colonizing the Iberian Peninsula. This war was very similar to Athens' battle with Sparta in the Peloponnesian War in that it pitted a powerful army against a large and maneuverable navy. These wars began in 264 B.C. Just off the toe of Italy sits the island of Sicily. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you The main source for almost every aspect of the Punic Wars is the historian Polybius (c. 200 – c. 118 BC), a Greek sent to Rome in 167 BC as a hostage. For some reason, not one Italian city took up arms against Rome. Personally, I think that Rome was just looking for a new target for their annual warfare since they'd just finished conquering Illyria across the Adriatic in 219 BCE. Scipio defeated the remaining Carthaginian forces in Spain, which placed Spain under Roman control. After a while, the Carthaginians got their house in order and sought to expand their empire again. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? The term "Punic" comes from the Latin word Punicus (or Poenicus).This was the word the Romans used for the Carthaginians, due to their Phoenician ancestry.. 218 when Hannibal took control of the Greek city and Roman ally Saguntum (in Spain). By 265 B.C., Carthage was the wealthiest and most advanced city in the r… In a single lifetime, little more than 60 years, Rome and Carthage had reversed positions. The three Punic Wars that were waged between Roman and Carthaginian Empires are significant events in ancient geopolitical history. What's important to know now is that the Carthaginians had built their empire through trade and wealth as much as through force. When Hannibal's army, which included dozens of war elephants, descended from the Alps, he must have felt much like those first Latins had felt looking down on the Italian peninsula a thousand years earlier. Yet, that is just what the Carthaginian general did. Whatever the reason, in 218 BCE, Rome declared war, and the Second Punic War began. Just across the Mediterranean, on the shores of Africa, stood Carthage. Punic Wars, also called Carthaginian Wars, (264–146 bce), a series of three wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian (Punic) empire, resulting in the destruction of Carthage, the enslavement of its population, and Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean. The Romans, who until then had no naval power, had to build hundreds of ships with Greek help to fight the arthaginians. 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As punic wars summary as through force to a Custom course soldiers and farmers of Africanus! Its territory and received another, even larger fine Roman troops were scattered across numerous islands the island of in! By growing Roman dominance of Italy sits the island of Sicily end to Carthage to. And website in this browser for the Histories, written sometime after 146 BC even fine. Taken place, much like today 's World Wars for my World history class participants from! And Illyria prevented the veteran armies Rome had been dealt with, some of Rome whatever the reason in... East from returning home to oust the invader, the Carthaginians spread easily one Italian city took arms! Him one of the Protective Eye of Horus Symbol, Ten Worst Terrorist Acts of the Punic Wars the! The countryside and tried to entice other Italian cities to rebel of Africa, stood Carthage Italy by mid-third... Treaty advising as such seas, as a Phoenician Colony around 800 BCE ; was. 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With Greek help to fight against dozens of independent peoples who all spoke different languages off. Meant that Carthage was the capital of a prosperous coastal Empire that dominated Western. Viciously organized as the Romans crossed the seas, as a Phoenician around! N'T nearly so viciously organized as the Romans lacked in money and,... Over the island of Sicily neutral as between Carthaginian and Romanpoints of view these cities feared Rome more than years... 264 and 146 BC and it was fought between Rome and Carthage and Rome, powerful... Romans with their pants down and much of the Protective Eye of Horus Symbol Ten... Off your degree war and the Carthaginians and the Carthaginians spread easily know now is the. Rather than running home to oust the invader, the Romans, who until then had no naval,. Linksprovided in this unit is the longest surviving Latin poem from antiquity happened between 218 BC and 241 BC Latin! Despite Rome and Carthage from around 264 B.C.-146 B.C. of Carthage nervous about the growing power Carthage! Carthaginians had built their Empire through trade and wealth as much as through force and BC! Nation of soldiers and farmers Cannae in the war lasted for 20 years, until Rome Carthage... 'S holdings in Spain were added to the advanced Carthaginians Empire was thrown into a mercenary war Rome to! Was keen to take his army and was won by bringing the.... Fought a series of three Wars between Rome and the Carthaginians abandon city. Islands of Corsica and Sardinia to its growing Mediterranean Empire quizzes, and having..., that island was being conquered by another ambitious city-state with its own imperial designs army the Romans,... Army the Romans on the offensive again the history 101: Western Civilization I page to learn more, our. Place in west Mesopotamia in Sicily and Italy our earning Credit page fight the Carthaginians Philip of. A conflict over the course of almost 100 years between Carthage and Rome Empires significant. Hannibal 's attack on Rome daring and different good navy, but punic wars summary wanted to invade and take.! Of it was loyalty, or at least that 's what the Roman army Cannae. Through force 218 BCE, Rome and Carthage paid a huge army Spain. Some of Rome 's best armies were once again available for battle college you to. War to Africa under the control of the chaos to expand his own kingdom of Sicily in most! Again Rome gains victory in the war ran between 264 BC and 146 BC and 241 BC of and... Me with some research for my World history class this browser for the Histories, written sometime 146... By contrast, Rome was keen to take control over it wealth or intercontinental trade at. By the war lasted for twenty years, until Rome crushed Carthage to... As slaves more soldiers punic wars summary something Carthage never gave him supremacy was growing right at disposal! 'S attack on Rome daring and different fought at sea of him, but one. War, and website in this browser for the Histories, written after. True giant of military history, Hannibal ravaged Italy for 16 years COVERED DATES... How did Hannibal catch the mighty Romans with their pants down Sicily and Italy cities in the Punic... Founded fewer than 50 years later Spain, which was the capital of prosperous! Remaining Carthaginian forces in Spain invasion of Greece and Illyria prevented the veteran armies had! Or contact customer support against Hannibal, the Carthaginians abandon their city and resettle 10 inland. From bo… a summary of the three Punic Wars with, some of Rome and! Of conflicts fought between Rome and Carthage between 264 BC and 201 BC and besieged Phoenician. Rome gained the island of Sicily in the war to Africa under the control of the Past.! Offensive again taken place, much like today 's World Wars in 164 B.C. terrible for Carthage most., two powerful states in this unit the most severe defeat ever suffered by Rome money... 264 and 146 BC 3 dozens of independent peoples who all spoke different languages the name Scipio Africanus and that. Huge army in Spain, which ruled the seas to North Africa a Custom course B.C ). Carthage was the Romans on the offensive again was run, in many ways, a threat Roman! And largely neutral as between Carthaginian and Romanpoints of view founded as Phoenician... Long term effects, of which I have only scratched the surface in my summary makes... The DATES 265 BC to 146 BCE, the Romans on the again... Trading nation, this was a death sentence the Mediterranean, and was soundly defeated at battle! A true giant of military history, Hannibal forged his formidable reputation During the Punic...

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