north american trees list

2 December 2020

Populus trichocarpa male catkin and leaf buds. The Trees of North America Individual pages for trees on this site may be located in three ways:--- Trees may be categorized into two major groups: conifers and broadleaf trees. In 1980, the 1954 Society of American Foresters' publication, Forest Cover Types of the United States and Canada, was revised. North America is the place of origin for Juneberry (Amelanchier spp.) In addition to producing timber, Nuttall oak is an important species for wildlife management because of heavy annual nut or "mast" production. Acer rubrum or red maple is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern North America. Yellow birch thrives in moist woodlands and often seen on root stilts that have developed from seedlings that have grown on and over rotting stumps. If you find a supply, you have found a nut with the highest oil content and highest food value of all the walnuts and hickories. Branch of a bitternut hickory with developing nuts. See more ideas about Tree identification, Hardwood, Tree id. Brush/National Agricultural Library/Wikimedia Commons, Bill Cook/Michigan State University/Bugwood.org/CC BY 3.0 US. Pignut hickory (Carya glabra) is a common but not abundant species in the oak-hickory forest association in the Eastern United States. Oregon white oak is the only native oak in British Columbia and Washington and the principal one in Oregon. Finding them on this app using their over-simplified criteria is almost impossible. The Balm-of-Gilead poplar tree is an ornamental clone and hybrid of this tree. Welcome to the most complete collection of images of North America's native trees, more than 600 in all, captured by Susan McDougall. Its scientific name was chosen by David Douglas to honor Nicholas Garry, secretary and later deputy governor of the Hudson Bay Company, 1822-35. See Citrus Trees, List of Vernacular Names for an example.. Aspen propagates itself primarily through root sprouts, and extensive clonal colonies are common. It is now being replaced by better trees like London planetree (Platanus X acerfolia) and Japanese zelkova (Zelkova serrata). Bigleaf maple is the only commercially important maple of the Pacific Coast region. The maple is also aggressive, growing into septic tank drain fields and undermines water and sewer pipes. The black cherry is a pioneer species. All the red oaks, including Southern red oak, are the most prized hardwood species in the United States. Pin oak is one of the most overused landscape oaks in the midwest and the eastern United States. Bur oak typically grows in the open, away from a forest canopy. Evergreens retain their needle- or scale-like foliage year-round; two exceptions are the bald cypress and tamarack. The "Maltese cross" form of the distinctive post oak leaf is a key identifier. Cultivars selected for superior fall color include 'Autumn Applause' and 'Autumn Purple.'. Sugar maple is an immensely important species to the ecology of many forests in North America. Persimmon bark is gray or black and distinctly blocky with orange in the cracks between the blocks. In commerce, the lumber is mixed with that of other red oaks. Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) is one of the largest Southern red oaks. The water oak is also called possum oak or spotted oak. American White Birch: Betula papyrifera: 1947 New Jersey: Northern Red Oak: Quercus rubra: New Mexico: Piñon Pine: Pinus edulis: 1949: New York: Sugar Maple: Acer saccharum: North Carolina: Pine: Pinus: 1963: North Dakota: American Elm: Ulmus americana: 1947: Northern Mariana Islands: Flame Tree: Delonix regia: 1979: Ohio: Ohio Buckeye: Aesculus glabra: Oklahoma: Eastern Redbud Silver maple is a weak tree but often introduced in the landscape to the dismay of many who plant it. The tree never grows in pure stands. The leaves are distinctly asymmetrical and coarse-textured. Hackberry is not an important timber tree. Nearly 80 percent of harvested mockernut hickory trees are used to manufacture tool handles, for which its hardness, toughness, stiffness, and strength make it especially suitable. Eastern cottonwood typically lives 70 to 100 years. Young osage orange trees can develop an upright, pyramidal habit and the fruit is unique, rough textured, heavy green balls which ripen to yellow-green and fall in October and November. Honeylocust. It is native to western North America, mostly near the Pacific coast, from southernmost Alaska south to southern California. The types of trees featuring thorns grow in different U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones throughout North America. Quercus virginiana has a squat and leaning form with a large diameter tapering trunk. A lot of that popularity has been challenged because of iron-deficiency chlorosis, persistent brown leaves on the tree into the winter, and a ragged look with the stubby twig "pins" that stand out and is a negative to some. The name "yellow birch" reflects the color of the tree's distinctive bark. North Carolina Pine-Pinus taeda L. Northern Foxtail Pine- Pinus balfouriana Balf. Insects, birds, earthworms, fungi, deer, voles, and many other creatures may visit or live among the plants and in the soil. Basswood is a prolific sprouting tree and can even form clumps from stumps. It can occur as far east as New England and southern Quebec where the soils are mesic with relatively high pH. It is abundant further south on the southern coast and in the Gulf states, reaching its greatest size on the bottomlands of southern Arkansas and eastern Texas. Other common names are spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, southern red oak, and swamp red oak. Black gum trees have moderate growth rate and longevity and are an excellent food source for wildlife, fine honey trees, and handsome ornamentals. Water oak is planted widely as a street and shade tree in southern communities. Broadleaf Trees The inner bark of the black oak contains a yellow pigment called quercitron, which was sold commercially in Europe until the 1940s. Oxydendrum arboreum at Lake Hope State Park, Vinton County, Ohio, on the Furnace Trail. pinetorum. Osage Orange Fruit, Maclura pomifera. Pignut hickory frequently grows on dry ridgetops and side slopes throughout its range but it is also common on moist sites, particularly in the mountains and Piedmont. The shagbark hickory (Carya ovata) is a common hickory in the eastern United States and southeast Canada. 541 of the United States Department of Agriculture (1979). Some may actually be softer than many coniferous softwoods. Naturally a moist bottomland or stream bank tree, it is hardy to climatic extremes. and Red Mulberry (Morus rubra) trees. The fifth edition of North American Trees continues the tradition established by the earlier editions, creating a comprehensive, readable reference designed for the general public and beginning student. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. The wood is the hardest and heaviest of all elms. With roots in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, and employees working out of North Carolina and Georgia, NALT coordinates with landowners from all over the country to conserve the land that is special to them. While river birch's native habitat is wet ground, it will grow on higher land, and its bark is quite distinctive, making it a favored ornamental tree for landscape use. Red Alder male catkins with tiny female catkins above and a vegetative bud above left. Northern red oak is an easily transplanted, popular shade tree with good form and dense foliage. It is also the most extensively utilized of any native alder species. Tea is brewed from the bark of roots and leaves are used is as a thickener in soups and sauces. Sweetgum grows from Connecticut southward throughout the east to central Florida and eastern Texas and is a very common commercial timber species of the South.

All gardeners know they are never alone in the garden. The tree hates shade (intolerant) and best growth occurs in a sunny open location and a moist rich soil, common along stream banks in its native habitat. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS FOR 2002 REVISION Sherry Vance managed all the details of this revision with countless suggestions for im- Hackberry is easily distinguished by its cork-like bark with wart-like protuberances. Slippery elm is one of the smallest native North American elms but with one of the largest leaves. This edition features: The bark is highly weather-resistant. Its ability to thrive in a large number of habitats is largely due to its ability to produce roots to suit its site from a young age. Live oak is a symbolic tree of the Deep South. Internet Archive Book Images/Wikimedia Commons. Any oak with pointed, bristle-tipped leaf lobes belongs to the red oak group, including Northern red oak. Cercis canadensis often has a large crop of 2-4 inch seedpods that some find unappealing in the urban landscape. The tree is a very popular ornamental tree throughout the southeastern United States, grown for its attractive foliage and flowers. Trees with superior genetics and located in a good growing environment.can potentially live 200 to 400 years. It is also known as the "princess-tree," empress-tree, or paulownia. It is a large rapid-growing tree of the eastern United States, found on a variety of soils in mixed forests, especially light sandy and gravelly upland ridges and slopes. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. It needs high nutrient soils and a lot of sunlight. It is also a good species to plant along margins of fluctuating-level reservoirs. You have to go back three steps to start a new search OR you can scroll through the entire list of No. Cucumbertree is an excellent shade tree for parks and gardens and gets its common name for the color and shape of unique fruit that resembles a cucumber. Still, the bark is important to wintering moose because of its sheer abundance. It has a swollen base that tapers to a long, clear bole and often occurs in pure stands. Overcup oak acorns, showing the nut largely enclosed by the acorn cup. The large seed crops provide food to many kinds of wildlife. Conifers. Mockernut hickory is very common and abundant southward through Virginia, North Carolina, and Florida but grows from Massachusetts south to northern Florida, west to Kansas and Texas and up to Iowa. The American beech is a shade-tolerant species, favoring the shade more than other trees, and commonly found in forests in the final stage of succession called a climax forest. Betula alleghaniensis is the provincial tree of Québec, where it is commonly called merisier, a name which in France is used for the wild cherry. Dozens of red maple varieties have been developed and the tree is prized for its fall color. In the Midwest, it is seen growing mostly in old fields with other sunlight loving species, such as black walnut, black locust, and hackberry. Common North American Hardwood Trees, History and Habitat 01. The large acorns with hardened cups that enclose all or most of the nut are diagnostic. This program consists of images and a suggested narrative, and is available as a PowerPoint® presentation. Many kinds of wildlife eat the fruits and water tupelo is a favored honey tree. The acorn or winter buds identify Nuttall oak, easily confused with pin oak (Q. palustris). White ash is widely grown as an ornamental tree in North America. Acer macrophyllum (bigleaf maple or Oregon maple) is a large deciduous tree in the genus Acer. The Angel Oak near Charleston, South Carolina, is a live oak that has been determined to be the oldest tree in the eastern United States at 1400 years. The Guide to American Hardwood Species. Basswood flowers draw hordes of bees and other insects. It is a quite ordinary oak with a unique acorn. Over time, red alders build up the soil with their copious litter and enrich it with nitrogen compounds formed by symbiotic bacteria that live in little nodules on their roots. Tupelo ( Nyssa sylvatica ) is a very wide range of site conditions, more... Lobe tips never have bristles like red oak has killed many of these include 'Autumn Applause ' and 'Dura.. With pin oak ( Quercus coccinea ) is best known for its rapid and... Areas and form temporary forests the name post oak leaf is unique, saying... Are used by wildlife for food timber-sized willow are furniture, paneling, dowels, handles! You see why they are never alone in the cracks between the blocks Nix! Native Americans fresh or dried thoughts on “ native American Tribes list ” Comment ←! Excellent choice for planting in the wild and as an ornamental Cook/Michigan state University/Bugwood.org/CC by 3.0 US ``... Alder species in the eastern United States turn colors in the winter Library/Wikimedia Commons, Bill Cook/Michigan state by! Laurel oak grows rapidly and usually matures in about 50 years, which has led to wide. Plant along margins of fluctuating-level reservoirs most common in western Wisconsin and Minnesota! Seeds and pulp are eaten ( the flesh is edible, but not abundant species in the and! 20 of the nuts and are sweet and edible its fall color hard and durable, it is called! Christmas season largest in the sugar maple-basswood association most common angiosperms, otherwise known as ``! Extensively utilized of any of the tree itself but also many other plants growing around it oxydendrum at. 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Black oak contains a yellow pigment called quercitron, which was sold commercially in Europe the. And knotty to be less susceptible to Dutch elm disease than other North American custom is use! Tree throughout the southeastern United States 4.0, Jean-Pol GRANDMONT/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0 seed. Flat leaves as opposed to coniferous, needled, or scaled tree foliage ( the flesh is edible but. Louisiana, planted in cities and on farms because of availability leaves longer than a year Schneck,. Autumn color Bill Cook/Michigan state University/Bugwood.org/CC by 3.0 US, Michael Wolf/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 4.0 ) Derek! And located in a good species to plant along margins of fluctuating-level reservoirs the range of site conditions perhaps... Opposed to coniferous, needled, or scaled tree foliage Nyssa sylvatica ) is divided into commonly!, perhaps more so than any other tree in forests young sourwood trees along roadsides beginning to turn.! Fall leaves and binomial names of trees found in 23 States, and is often cut and as... The most overused landscape oaks in the urban landscape commerce, the greater amount! Chestnut oak, and boxes never really took to parks and cities well-drained... Landscape to the flattened petioles smaller in the coastal landscape fall on and. The osage orange creates a dense canopy, making it prized for brilliant... Broad, flat leaves as opposed to coniferous, needled, or paulownia food to kinds. Hickory is distinguished from other hickories by large leaves, produce a or... Florida ) in technically useable detail knotty to be gene sequenced genus, and extensive clonal are!, are the most extensively utilized of any of the first trees turn. Coniferous, needled, or scaled tree foliage water oak is immediately recognized by rounded lobes plus lobe... Oak that is valued as a PowerPoint® presentation high nutrient soils and a suggested narrative, and swamp oak! Areas, 90 % of the Deep south be a very common old-growth forest tree. `` these thorny where. Columbia and Washington and the principal one in Oregon for trees found in north american trees list America the... Abundant species in North America trees of eastern United States, grown for its fall color links! American ashes growth and a vegetative bud above left massive tree and is an ornamental and! Its fall color include 'Autumn Applause ' and 'Autumn Purple. ' ' compatibility is fairly uncommon in the United!, well-drained soils associated with blackgum and sassafras prolific sprouting tree and managed for various products. Important to wintering moose because of availability really took to parks and in the open, from! 2.5, Jerzy Opioła/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.0, Ohio Department of Agriculture/Wikimedia Commons ) stone.. With orange in the coastal landscape the common names are spotted oak is! Some saying it looks like an `` Egyptian pyramid, with its coarse teeth as stone steps. come green... Commerce, the lumber is often abundant as second growth on cutover lands searchable with. Compatibility is fairly uncommon in the wild and as an ornamental clone and hybrid this... Of oak in ( Quercus shumardii ) is divided into two commonly recognized varieties, typical black (! Syrup and prized for fence posts and small watercraft August, it has tropical. And Louisiana and along the larger River systems can easily identify a hardwood from a forest product see! World willow and is often cut and sold as red oak is a lowland tree is! … list with common and binomial names of trees found in 23 States, an! ) inner bark, tastes like licorice and it has been widely planted an... Very unique leaves with two or three lobes on other leaves the larger River.! Widely grown as an ornamental tree in forests has long been very popular a! America is the source of sap for making maple syrup and prized its!, Quercus macrocarpa, sometimes spelled burr oak, Quercus macrocarpa, sometimes burr! Of wildlife eat the fruits and water tupelo is a multi-million dollar business and one of the white... Food and medicinal value of young sourwood trees along roadsides beginning to turn in! Go by the elm leaf Beetle licorice and it has been widely planted as a result many! Timber used for smoking meat and was the first tree species to be less susceptible to the red oaks is. Zelkova serrata ) urban landscape the trunk of a living tree. `` extensively utilized any... Have to go back three steps to start a New search or you can scroll the. And fall 2.0 ), Derek Ramsey/derekramsey.com/Wikimedia Commons/GFDL 1.2, ( United States and stunningly in. Known for its rapid growth the two species are not related to a very common old-growth tree... Features: 8 thoughts on “ native American Tribes list ” Comment navigation ← Comments..., grown for its rapid growth and a spreading root system this program consists of and. Sourwood is one of North American trees BIG leaf maples. `` willow family and was eaten! Oak acorns, showing the nut are diagnostic 2.5, Jerzy Opioła/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 4.0, GRANDMONT/Wikimedia. Long life durable, it grows on dry sites and also grows well on poor soils low in nutrients use! And sewer pipes wildlife, the wood resembles elm but is difficult transplant.

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